Lean, juicy beef, mutton, and veal, form the source of all fine soups; hence it is sensible to obtain those slices which provide the richest juiciness, and such as are fresh-killed. Sour meat makes them terrible, and fat is not so well modified for cooking them. The foremost skill in making good rich soup lies in the proportion of several ingredients.
Making of Delicious Soups
The taste of one shall not dominate over another, and that all the items of which it is composed, shall form a pleasant and complete. To get this done, proper care should be taken that the roots and herbs are completely fine cleaned and that the water is balanced to the amount of meat and other items. Usually, one-fourth of water possibly will be permissible to a pound of meat for soups, and half of the quantity for gravies. In preparing soups or gravies, mild cooking or simmering is good. It may be commented, however, that a certainly excellent soup can never be prepared however in a well-closed vessel a greater integrity is achieved by a rare exposure to the air. In general, soups will take approximately from three to six hours in doing and these are much better organized the day prior to they are required. While the soup is chilly, the fat could be absolutely removed without difficulty; and when it is served off, care has to be taken not to interrupt the settlings at the base of the vessel, as they are so thin that they could get away through a sieve.
A tamis is the finest strainer and if the soup is strained when it is hot, let the tamis or cloth be earlier soaked in cool water. Clear soups have to be absolutely transparent and thickened soups almost like a cream. To thicken and provide stiff to soups and gravies, potato-mucilage, bread-raspings, arrow-root, isinglass, flour and butter, rice, barley, or oatmeal in a slight water wiped fine together, are utilized. A cut of cooked beef minced to a mush, with a spot of butter and flour, and polished through a sift, and little by little included with the soup, will be a superb addition. Once the soup looks to be too slim or too thin, the cover of the container must be taken off, and the stuffs should be allowed to boil till a few of the watery amounts have vanished; or a few of the solidifying materials, above stated, supposed to be added. While soups and gravies are kept back from day to day in hot conditions, they must be heated up each day, and put into new burnt pans or tureens, and placed in a chill cellar. In moderate conditions, every other day could be adequate.
A variety of herbs and vegetables are necessary in preparing soups and gravies. Of these the most important are, pearl barley, Scotch barley, oatmeal, rice, wheat flour, pease, bread-raspings, beans, potato-mucilage, vermicelli, isinglass, macaroni, mushroom or mushroom ketchup, champignons, carrots, turnips, parsnips, beetroot, garlic, onions and shalots. Wedged onions, deep-fried with butter and flour until they are browned, and then wiped through a strainer are superb to improve the colour and taste of brown soups and sauces and form the core of various of the quality savor provided by the cook. The flavour will be strong if the onion is drier and older.
Cucumber, leeks, or burnet vinegar; celery or celery-seed pounded. The last one, although evenly strong, does not expose the elusive sweetness of the fresh vegetable; and while used as a replacement, its taste must be adjusted by the adding of a little of sugar.
Parsley, cress-seed, lemon thyme, common thyme, winter savoury, knotted marjoram, sage, orange thyme, mint, and basil. As fresh green basil is not often to be obtained and its superior flavour is quickly lost, the finest way of protecting the extract is by pouring wine on the fresh leaves.
For the excitement of soups, bay-leaves, tarragon, cinnamon, tomato, nutmeg, allspice, ginger, black and white pepper, burnet, Seville orange-juice, chervil, essence of anchovy, lemon-peel, and juice, clove, and mace are all taken. The later gives a greater flavour than the lemon, and the acid is much gentle. These resources, with wine, Harvey’s sauce, and tomato sauce, mushroom ketchup, shared in a variety of proportions are with additional items, used in a nearly all range of outstanding soups and gravies. Soups, which are intended to compose the major portion of a meal, surely should not to be flavoured like sauces, which are only intended to give a delight to some particular dish. Irrespective of age, soups are healthy for both children and adults.